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Male Reproductive System


The male reproductive system has several key parts, each playing a critical role in the reproductive process.  Although not as complex as the female reproductive system, each part must work together to maximize chances of conception.  This is how each part in the male reproductive system works to impregnate a female during intercourse.


Male Reproductive System: The Penis

The penis is the biggest reproductive part used during intercourse.  Many recognize it by its long, tubular appearance.  There are several parts of the penis, including the base of the penis (where it extends into the lower abdomen), the shaft (the length of the penis) and the glans.  The glans is the most sensitive area of the penis, shaped like a mushroom.  The glans also contains a tiny hole which expels urine and semen.


Role of The Penis in the Male Reproductive System

The penis aids in reproduction by penetrating the vagina during intercourse, acting as a vessel for semen during ejaculation.  Three hollow shafts inside of the penis fill with blood, making it erect and allowing for quick penetration.  The penis hardens during intercourse and returns to its flaccid state after releasing semen.


Male Reproductive System: Scrotum and Testicles

Many people believe the name scrotum is synonymous with testicles, but both are separate parts of the reproductive system.  The scrotum is the pouch where the testicles are kept, which encases the testicles and keeps it cool.  It shrinks during intercourse to warm up the testicles, preparing the testicles for ejaculation.  If the scrotum does not complete its job (such as not keeping the testicles cool), sperm volume is dramatically reduced.


The testicles are the organs encased in the scrotum.  Oval in appearance, the testicles produce sperm on a daily basis.  It connects to the male reproductive system through long, thin tubes called the epididymis.  The epididymis carries the sperm out of the testicles and into the vas deferens. 


Male Reproductive System: Vas Deferens

Considered the transportation hub of the male reproductive system, the vas deferens is another tube that connects to the epididymis.  Its only purpose is to transport fertilized sperm cells to the urethra.  The seminal vesicles, which are attached to the vas deferens, helps make sperm motile.  This allows sperm to swim towards the egg after expulsion.  It also increases the volume of ejaculate.


Male Reproductive System: Prostate

Often nicknamed the man's G-Spot, the prostate is a small gland located below the bladder.  It is considered the hidden pleasure spot in the male reproductive system.  It also provides additional motility to sperm cells by creating more fluid, adding to its volume.  The urethra also flows through the prostate, which carries sperm and prepares it for ejaculation.  During ejaculation sperm cells rush through the prostate and urethra, expelling through the tip of the glans.


How Do The Reproductive Organs Improve Fertility?

Each part of the male reproductive system has a critical role in fertility, and a dysfunction in one part severely impacts the health of other organs.  The biggest issue is the reduction of semen volume and quality, which are impacted in the testicles, prostate, and penis.  Chronic illness, bad health, and using recreational drugs impacts the functioning of each organ.  Predisposition to reproductive diseases also impacts its ability to efficiently provide enough semen for successful reproduction.  Increasing the volume and quality of semen is the best way to improve fertility.


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